Maria Tecla Artemisia Montessori was born in Chiaravalle (AN), Italy, on August the 31st 1870 from Renilde Stoppani and Alessandro Montessori, who moved there because of his work in the local tobacco manufactory, the most important local business at the time.
Maria, who was the first woman in the history of the Italian Republic to ever have her image printed on banknotes or stamps, dedicated her life to the battle in defense of both children and women rights.
Known as a pedagogist, philosopher, doctor, scientist and, most of all, educator, she proposed a radical change of the education system, revolutionising both the school environment and the teaching method, whilst creating materials eligible for the child's cognitive development.
On January the 6th 1907 she opened the first “Casa dei bambini” (Childrens’ house) in San Lorenzo in Rome; In 1909 “The method of the scientific pedagogy” was published, a book that led her to global popularity in 1915 with the participation at the San Francisco’s World fair.
After spending a life abroad to spread the method in countries such as USA, Spain, India and Netherlands (also being one of the candidates for the peace Nobel prize), it’s in the latter nation that she will spend her last years, until her death occurred on May the 6th 1952 in Noordwijk, the town where she still rests.